Islam mean the belief in total submission to one true Allah
Islam, Judaism, and Christianity are the world’s three monotheistic faiths. They share the same holy places, such as Jerusalem and the prophets, like Abraham. Collectively, scholars refer to these three religions as Abrahamic beliefs, as it is believed that Abraham and his family played a key role in the formation of these religions.
Islam started with Hazrat Muhammad. Islam means “surrender” and its main idea is to submit to the will of God. The central theme of his faith is “There is no god but God and Muhammad is His Messenger.”
Followers of Islam are called Muslims. Muslims believe that they are following the same tradition as the Jewish Christian figures Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses and Jesus who they believe were important prophets before Muhammad.
The Qur’an, the holy book of Islam, provides very little detail about Muhammad’s life. However, the hadiths, or sayings of the Prophet, which were largely compiled centuries after the death of Muhammad, provide a great narrative for the events of his life (although there is considerable debate about this in the Muslim world). That the hadiths are Saheeh).
Muhammad was born in Makkah in 70 C.C., and his early life was remarkable. He married a wealthy widow named Khadija who was 15 years older and his employer. About 6101010, Muhammad had his first religious experience, where the angel Gabriel instructed him to recite it. After a period of self-knowledge and self-confidence, Muhammad accepted his role as a prophet of God and began preaching the one God, or the Word of God, in Arabic. His first religion was his wife.
Muhammad’s divine recitation forms the Qur’an and is arranged in books (suras) and verses (verses). Because these revelations focused on a form of monotheism that was considered a threat to the ruling tribe of Makkah (the Quraysh), of which Muhammad was a part, the early Muslims suffered greatly.
Finally, in 622, Muhammad and his followers fled to Mecca for the city of Yathrib, now known as Medina, where they were welcomed. This event is known as hijra or migration. 222222, the year of AH (AH), marks the beginning of the Muslim calendar, which is still in use today.
Between 625-630, a series of battles continued between Mecca and Muhammad and the new Muslim community. Eventually, Muhammad was victorious and entered Mecca in 630.
Muhammad’s first task was to purify the Kaaba of all his idols (before that, the Kaaba was an important place of pilgrimage for the violent religious traditions of the Arabian Peninsula and contained numerous idols of pagan gods). The Kaaba is believed to have been built by Ibrahim (or Ibrahim as it is known in Arabic) and his son Ishmael. The Arabs claim that he is from Ishmael, the son of Abraham and Hagar. The Kaaba then became the most important centre of pilgrimage in Islam.
In 632, Muhammad died in Medina. Muslims believe he was the last of a series of prophets, including Moses, Abraham, and Jesus.
After the death of Muhammad.
The century after Muhammad’s death was dominated by military conquest and expansion. After Muhammad, there are four “correct guides”: the caliph (successor or successor in Arabic): Abu Bakr (2 632–34 AD), Umar (4 634–44 AD), Uthman (4 644–56 AD), and Ali ( 6 656-661 AD).
It is believed that the Qur’an was composed in the time of Uthman. The last caliph, Ali, married Muhammad’s daughter, Fatima, and was assassinated in 661. Ali’s death is a very important event. His followers, who believed that Syed Muhammad should have been straight, became known as Shiites (“party” or “followers”), referring to Ali’s followers.
Today, the Shiite community consists of many different branches, and the Shiite population is large in Iran, Iraq, and Bahrain. Sunnis, who are not convinced that Ali should have taken the place of Muhammad directly, should form the largest branch of Islam. His followers can be found in North Africa, the Middle East, as well as Asia and Europe.
During the seventh and early eighth centuries, Arab forces occupied most of the Middle East, North Africa, the Isle of Man, and much of Central Asia, despite the ongoing civil wars in Arabia and the Middle East. Eventually, the Umayyad Empire emerged as rulers, then Abdul Malik, one of the earliest surviving Islamic monuments in 691/2 CE, completed the Dome of the Rock, the Umayyads ruled until 749/50 CE ۔
Islam refers to a system of life-based on the commands of Allah and His Messenger (peace be upon him) which is perfect and complete in every respect and fulfils the needs of every sphere of human life. It provides guidance on every aspect of life, from the individual to the collective and international. As stated in the Qur’an al-Hakim:
“Today I have completed your religion for you and completed My blessing upon you, and I have chosen for you Islam (as a religion) (ie as a complete system of life).”
From these verses comes the idea of Islam being a perfect and complete religion.