Then there were two rival factions among the Ansar, Aws and Khazaj. Whichever of them was given this position, the other would not accept it, and then as a result, the battle between Aws and Khazaj was ended through the Moakhat of Madinah He would have been born again and thus a new riot would have taken place in the Islamic state and the Islamic revolution would have been in disarray.
On this critical occasion, Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq, acting with great gentleness and patience, explained to the Ansar and delivered this influential speech
, “I do not deny your virtues and virtues and your Islamic services, except for the Arabs and the Quraysh. And if they cannot accept the leadership of a family, then the Muhajireen are more deserving of your succession because of their precedence in Islam and their family relationship with the Prophet. These are Abu Ubaidah and Umar ibn al-Khattab. Take the oath of allegiance from whichever of them you wish. Upon hearing this, Umar shook hands with Abu Bakr and said, “You are the eldest of us all, the best of us all and the closest to the Messenger of Allah, so we swear allegiance to you.
” ۔ (Bukhari vol. 1, p. 518) The personality of Hazrat Abu Bakr was so respected in every community that no one could object to this choice. Thus, with the pledge of allegiance of Hazrat Umar, the Muslims broke down for the pledge of allegiance and survived a great revolution in the speech of Abu Bakr and the advance of Hazrat Umar in the pledge of allegiance. On the second day
, a general pledge of allegiance was taken in the Prophet’s Mosque and in Rabi-ul-Awal 11 AH, Hazrat Abu Bakr was able to establish the Khilafah. After the general pledge of allegiance, he delivered the following speech: “Logo! I have been made ruler over you, although I am not better than your congregation. If I do good, obey me, and if I do evil, straighten it. Truth is trust and falsehood is betrayal. Your weak person is also strong in my opinion until I give him his right from others and your strong person is also weak in my opinion until I get the right of others from him. Remember! God humiliates a nation that abandons jihad for the sake of God, and God afflicts a nation where immorality spreads. If I obey God and His Messenger, then obey me and if I disobey them, then you do not have to obey me.
”(Tabqat Ibn Sa’d) Witness that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) had no personal intention or personal preference for the Khilafah. Today, some Muslim schools of thought say that Abu Bakr and Umar themselves were involved in the conspiracy in Saqifa, which is completely wrong and absolutely illegitimate. This heinous act is attributed to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) because he was there, but it is ignored that he was there to prevent fitna and not for the sake of joining. And he took over the Khilafah keeping in view the delicacy and seriousness of the times and not for personal pleasure.
And history bears witness to the fact that if the Nation of Islam had not found a leader like Siddiq Akbar in this critical time, the Shiraz of the Muslim Ummah would have been shattered and only a few of those who took the name of Islam would have remained, in some corner of the world. Had Islamic laws been followed in secret, Islam would not have spread in the world, as the world of Islam. After the establishment of the Khilafah, Abu Bakr faced difficulties. It is impossible to mention all of them. Some of them are mentioned below. After the death of the Holy Prophet, when he succeeded to the Khilafah, the Muhajireen and the Ansar surrendered. The great Umayyads, who believed in the conquest of Makkah, were stirring up tribal prejudice and racial arrogance, so Abu Sufyan came to Ali and said, “What is the rage of the smallest tribe of the Quraysh?”
How was man made caliph? O Ali! If you wish, I swear by God, I will fill this valley with riders and infantry. ” But Hazrat Ali replied, “O Abu Sufyan! You have been hostile to Islam and the people of Islam all your life, but your enmity has not harmed Islam or the people of Islam. We consider Abu Bakr important for this position. ” (Siddiq-e-Akbar by Maulana Syed Ahmad Allahabadi) That is, there were elements among the Muslims who wanted to spread the unity of the Muslims. Had to After the unveiling of the Holy Prophet, a vacuum was created which was impossible to fill. The believers themselves were suddenly disturbed by this accident. No one could believe this great accident. When the news reached the Arab tribes, the new Muslims began to deviate from the Bedouin Islam. Away from the center, tribal chiefs, realizing the golden opportunity to secede from the central government, began to consider abstinence.
According to some traditions, apostasy was being prepared in Makkah and Taif. One group of apostates did not deviate from Islam outright, but they refused to pay Zakat. They used to claim that according to Rabbani’s saying, It was in the blessed life of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) that the Christian conflict in Syria began. In the Battle of Mota and the Battle of Tabuk, the Christians had assessed the splendor of Islam, but their aggressive intentions had not yet been thwarted by the backing and support of the Roman Empire. He sent an army headed by Osama bin Zayd to Syria to exploit this fitna, but the army returned after hearing the news of the demise of the Prophet. The short mountain of misery and problems that stood before the eyes of the Caliph Rasool and if all these were not remedied in time, Islam would not have spread in general.
Hazrat Abdullah bin Masood states that “After the demise of the Holy Prophet (saw), we Muslims faced such a situation that if Allah Almighty had not given us Abu Bakr, we would have perished.” Hazrat Ayesha says that “the Messenger of God passed away and such calamities and calamities befell my father that if those calamities had fallen on the big strong mountains, those mountains would have crumbled.” But in spite of the grief of the separation of a companion like the Holy Prophet (sws), he united all his determination and perseverance and used all his abilities not only to fight with a smile but also to uproot them. The army which Hazrat Akram had sent to quell the revolt in Syria under the leadership of Hazrat Osama had returned from Jurf after hearing the news of the demise of Hazrat Rasool. Hazrat Abu Bakr was the first to want the departure of this army. Since Madinah was under the control of the rebels, the opinion of some of the Companions was that the departure of this army should be postponed for the time being. It was also said that the wives of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) are purified in Madinah,
so Madinah should not be emptied of refugees for the sake of their safety. May Allah reward Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (Amen). It was his honor. He said, “With such a departure of armies, if I am sure that Madinah will be empty and I will be left here alone, the beast of the Holy Prophet. Even if the spouses drag the corpses of the purified ones in the streets of Madinah, I will not give up my resolve. ” After this, Hazrat Omar Farooq said at the behest of the Ansar, “If you have already decided to send an army, then there are experienced and mature companions in this army. You should appoint someone other than Osama as the Amir of the army.” He said,
“Then he said angrily,“ O son of Khattab! Abu Bakr has no chance to change the person who has been appointed by the Amir of the Holy Prophet. On hearing this, all the Companions were satisfied and the army led by Osama set out for Syria. Hazrat Abu Bakr sent him away with the honor that Hazrat Osama was riding a horse and Hazrat Abu Bakr was walking with him, giving instructions. Upon hearing this, Hazrat Osama said, “O Amir al-mu’minin! I am ashamed that I am riding and you are walking. Either you ride or I walk too. ” Upon this, Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq said: “No, you will ride and I will walk because I had heard from the Holy Prophet that if one person goes in the way of Allah Almighty and the other person follows him to follow him. If he goes a little farther, he will get seven hundred virtues with every step he takes. That is why I need to attain virtue in the way of Allah. ” Hazrat Osama provided proof of his excellent military capabilities on the battlefield.
The Syrians had to face the humiliation of defeat. He returned to Madinah with a large number of booty and prisoners of war and Siddiq Akbar came out of Madinah to receive him. Lashkar-e-Osama had a spectacular effect on the tribes who were planning to attack Madinah. He felt that the Muslims had immense military power or that military action could not be taken against the Roman Empire. Before the departure of Lashkar-e-Osama, the danger of attack by the Christians was so great that once Atban ibn Malik once said to Hazrat Umar: “I am angry.” Hazrat Umar asked in annoyance, “What happened?” Christians have come? “That is, the world was just attacked, just attacked. But the Christians were so intimidated by Osama’s campaign that according to Ibn Asakar’s statement, Caesar Rome, addressing a gathering of priests, said, “Look! These are the people I used to warn you about, but you did not know. You see the courage of these Arabs who come at a distance of a month and raid you and go back safe and sound at the same time. ” This army of seven thousand, which passed by the apostate tribe, became Muslim again after seeing the glory of the Islamic army. The departure of Osama bin Zayd’s army is a shining example of Siddiq Akbar’s passion for following the Prophet. Commenting on the incident, the Christian author of the Encyclopedia writes: “The Prophet of Islam realized that the Arab tribes could not be at peace unless the expeditions were sent to Syria.” Abu Bakr Siddiq was aware of its political significance.
That is why, in spite of great dangers and fierce opposition, they sent a large army under the leadership of Osama bin Laden. ” The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was about to leave the world when a storm of revolt broke out all over Arabia with such force that the walls of the building of Islam shook and the Companions were trapped in it. According to a narrator in the history of Tabari, “The condition of the Muslims at that time was like that of a goat standing on a rainy winter night.” Those who lined up against apostates, rebels or Muslims were mostly neo-Muslims who converted to Islam out of greed or pressure, but Islam had not yet taken root in their hearts. On this basis, Professor Bhatti writes:
“The fact that lack of resources, lack of regular organization of preachers and lack of time were the reasons why more than one third of the Arabian Peninsula Muslims in the life of the Prophet of Islam. Could not The Hijaz itself, which was the center of the Prophet’s activities, had become a full-fledged Muslim a year or two before his death. Two delegations came to the service of the Prophet of Islam, they could not be called the spokesman of the whole of Arabia. The status of a delegation being a Muslim was nothing more than the fact that the chiefs of this tribe converted to Islam. ”The banner of Islam was raised and due to successive victories, it set foot in Hijaz when it was firmly established and Madinah When a powerful Islamic state was established, Iran and Rome became concerned. Therefore, they incited the Arab tribes, who were their vassals and benefactors, against Islam and eventually persuaded them to revolt.
The battle of Mota was organized by the Holy Prophet to suppress these people. The real purpose of this campaign had not yet been achieved when the Prophet (peace be upon him) perished and the material of the anti-Islamic rhetoric that was brewing inside him suddenly erupted in the form of a volcano of rebellion. It took determination to put out the fire of sedition. Hazrat Abu Bakr was waiting for Lashkar-e-Osama. As soon as the victorious army returned, he formed eleven detachments to suppress the rebellious tribes, which are as follows:
- 1 … Amir Lashkar sent Hazrat Khalid bin Waleed to suppress Malik bin Nawra after the repression of Taliha.
- 2 … Hazrat Ikrimah bin Abi Jahl was sent against Hazrat Saleema Kadhab.
- 3 … He sent Hazrat Sharjeel bin Hasna to help Hazrat Ikrimah and then to suppress the death of Hafarmahut.
- 4 … He sent Hazrat Amr bin Al-Aas to suppress the apostates.
- 5. Hazrat Khalid bin Al-Aas was sent to suppress the apostates of the Syrian border.
- 6 … Hazrat Hudhaifah bin Muhsin was sent to suppress the apostate Raba.
- 7 … He sent Hazrat Tarifa bin Hatir to suppress the apostates of Banu Muslim and Banu Hawazan.
- 8 … Hazrat Mureed bin Maqoon was sent to suppress the people of Yemen.
- 9- Hazrat Ala Hazrat was sent to suppress the apostates of Bahrain.
- 10 … He sent Hazrat Arfajah bin Hartamah to suppress the apostates of Mehra.
- 11 Hazrat Muhajir bin Umayyah was commissioned to suppress the feet of Aswad Ansari. (Fifty Companions by Talib Hashmi) Before the departure of these armies, Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq sent a general proclamation through messengers to all the apostate tribes promising them that if they refrained from rebellion and the rules of Islam They will not be attacked. In the same way, give different instructions to each commander when you go. Three days and three nights passed in Madinah Manoah in such a way that no man was present in the city except women and children.