The first caliph Hazrat Siddique Akbar (RA)
Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq’s personality does not need introduction. He was a childhood friend of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and a traveling companion. When the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) announced his prophethood. So first of all you got this honor. That you confirmed the message of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). There is a unanimous decision of Islamic scholars about you.
The best human beings after the prophets with research
Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (RA)
And Islamic scholars have been announcing this for 1428 years. And this announcement will continue till Abdalabad.
He got this status which he got
Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (RA) accompanied the Holy Prophet (PBUH) on every occasion after his proclamation of Prophethood. And not only did he support the Prophet financially. Rather, he was the helper of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) in every difficult time. He was a companion of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) during the migration. He took part in all the battles, and the fact is that he was the first advisor of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) described many of his virtues and virtues. He said:
Abu Bakr in Paradise (Tirmidhi)
Abu Bakr is in heaven. “
And this is also a prophetic interpretation:
Among my ummah, the most merciful to my ummah is Abu Bakr. (Tirmidhi)
In Quraan Majeed :
The second two, if they are in the cave.
“The other one was saying to his companion in the cave, ‘Don’t be sad, for God is with us.’ Then Allah sent down peace upon him. “
The majority of Imams and commentators agree that Sahib refers to Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq. This is also the view of Hazrat Abdullah bin Abbas Rizwanullah Alayhim Ajmeen.
Once the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:
Peace be upon the people, companionship and wealth of Abu Bakr
Undoubtedly, Abu Bakr Siddiq (may Allah be pleased with him) is the most kind to me in paying the dues of companionship and spending money. “
Then he said:
If you don’t take Akhlila as a non-rabbi, you will not take Ababakar Khalila (Bukhari and Muslim).
If I had made Khalil other than my Lord, I would have made Abu Bakr Siddiq. “
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) once said:
You are in the cave and you are in the pool (Bukhari).
You were my companion in the cave and you will be my companion in the pool of Kawthar. “
Imam Tirmidhi in Jami ‘al-Tirmidhi and Imam Suyuti (may Allah have mercy on him) in Tarikh al-Khalifa have quoted this saying of Hazrat Umar Farooq (may Allah be pleased with him). That Abu Bakr Siddiq (may Allah be pleased with him) was the leader of us all and we were the best, the most beloved to the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him). The battle of Tabuk took place in Rajab 9 AH. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) appealed to the Companions for donations for this expedition. Each of the Companions contributed financially to this expedition to the best of their ability. Hazrat Umar Farooq (RA) says:
At that time, the Prophet (peace be upon him) appealed for financial support for the battle of Tabuk. I had a lot of money at that time. I said in my heart that if I can surpass Abu Bakr then this is the opportunity. So I went home. And he brought half of his wealth and presented it in the service of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) asked me.
Omar, may Allah be pleased with him! What have you left for your family? I said . O Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), half of your wealth has been offered in your service. And I have left half of my wealth for my family.
After that Hazrat Siddiq Akbar came. Whatever they had. He brought all of them and offered them in the service of the Holy Prophet (sws). The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: What did Abu Bakr leave for his family? Hazrat Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him) said: I have left Allah and His Messenger for them. Allama Iqbal has narrated this saying of Hazrat Abu Bakr in this poem.
The butterfly has a lamp, the bubble has a flower
For Siddiq, the Messenger of God is enough
The Prophet (peace be upon him) passed away on 12 Rabi-ul-Awal 11 AH. After him, Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq was elected Caliph. False prophets were born in the last days of the Prophet (peace be upon him). But when the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) perished, many other sects rose up against Islam.
One was the false claimants of prophethood. Apart from them, a group was born like this. Who refused to pay Zakat. And then another group came forward. Who deviated from the religion of Islam. That is, apostates of Islam. This was a very difficult time for Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq. He faced all these tribulations with great bravery, courage and understanding.
Hazrat Abdullah bin Masood (may Allah be pleased with him) said:
لقد قمنا بعد رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم مقاما کنا نھلک فیہ لولا ان اللہ من علینا بابی بکر
We all went home after the death of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). If Allah had not been gracious to us through Abu Bakr, we would have perished. “
In common parlance, although Hazrat Umar Farooq (RA) is more famous among the Rightly Guided Caliphs. But the truth is that if the first caliph had not brought the whole of Arabia under the banner of one Islam. So the great deeds performed by Hazrat Umar (RA). The road could not be smooth for them. (Siddiq Akbar by Maulana Saeed Ahmad Akbar Abadi p. 11 – Delhi Press 1957)
The term of Hazrat Siddiq Akbar (RA) is two years except Khilafah. And the great things you did in that short time. Their example is hard to find in the history of Islam. The late Maulana Talib al-Hashimi writes: “The caliphate of Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq is only two and a half years, but in this short period he has accomplished great deeds. Reading about them, one is overwhelmed with wonder. He had to spend most of his caliphate dealing with internal and external enemies. But in spite of this, he did not remain indifferent to the governance of the country. In fact, he established the nascent Islamic Khilafah on such a solid foundation with his strength of faith, foresight and determination. On which his first successor Hazrat Umar Farooq (RA) built a magnificent building. (Sirat Khalifatul Rasool: p. 477)
In terms of knowledge and grace, Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (RA) was a great perfectionist. He was well versed in commentary, hadith, tafsir, genealogy, poetry and speech, anecdote, writing and writing. The great deed of Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (RA) is “Collection of Holy Quran”. Al-Mawta Imam Malik says: Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (may Allah be pleased with him) ordered Hazrat Zaid bin Thabit Ansari (may Allah be pleased with him) to collect all the parts of the Holy Quran and put them together on a piece of paper. Therefore, Hazrat Zayd ibn Thabit performed this great deed.
Hazrat Siddiq Akbar performed Ghusl on 7th Jamadi Al-Thani 13 AH. It was very cold that day. Which caused fever. Fever continued for 15 days. He passed away on Monday, 22 Jamadi al-Thani 13 AH, between Maghrib and Isha. Hazrat Umar Farooq (RA) led the funeral prayers. He was buried beside the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) in the room of Aisha. He was 63 years old at the time of his death. Hazrat Ali (RA) said on his death: “Today the Khilafah of Prophethood has come to an end. “
Pray, Hazrat Abu Musa al-Ash’ari (may Allah be pleased with him) says that I gave the message of my uncle Abu Amir (may Allah be pleased with him) to the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) and he first asked for water, performed ablution and then raised his hand and prayed. O Allah! Forgive Abu Amir Ubaid and grant him superiority over many people on the Day of Resurrection. (Sahih Bukhari, Al-Maghazi: 4323)
There is no opportunity for condolence in this narration but he said to Hazrat Abu Musa Al-Ash’ari (may Allah be pleased with him) to appeal to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) to pray for me. From this hadith, raising the issue of supplication on the occasion of condolence is a matter of concern. (Allah knows best)