Comprehension-A The Wise Caliph
What was Caliph Haroon-ur-Rashid known and respected for?
Haroon-ur-Rashid was a renowned Muslim caliph, who was not only just and kind but cared for the people to a great extent who were lucky enough to live and breathe under the umbrella of his realm. He was known and respected for his justice and wisdom.
Why did he go through the streets of Baghdad at night?
Caliph Haroon –ur- Rashid used to disguise himself as a common man in order to mix with the folk of his territory to get insight about the difficulties, problems and worries of the people who were facing them in their day – to- day lifestyle. Therefore, he would go through the streets of Baghdad at night.
What did the Qazi say to the Caliph?
The Qazi said to the Caliph that he had brought a dispute before him which he find difficult to resolve and he was sure that being a wise, knowledgeable and just ruler of the state the Caliph would definitely sort out the best solution of it.
What was the dispute between the rich man and the beggar?
The dispute between the rich man and the beggar was the critical one; it was about the possession of a white, fine-looking and expensive horse. Each of them claimed and swore that the horse belonged to him
What did the rich man tell the Caliph?
The rich man was given the chance to defend his case in front of the Caliph first. He started by saying “As I were coming towards the city in the morning. I met this limp fellow who requested me to take him to the city gate. Being a sympathetic person, I offered him to sit behind me. When we reached there, I asked him to get down as his destination has arrived. Then and there, he refused to dismount the horse by claiming his authority over my horse.”
What did the beggar tell the Caliph?
On his turn, the beggar took the oath and told the Caliph that as he was coming towards the city gate, he met this affluent man. The rich man asked him to lend him the horse. As he was totally a stranger to him so instead of lending his horse, he gave him the ride to the city gate. On reaching the city gate, the beggar asked him to get down from the horse; he started treating him badly and claimed that horse was his.
Why did the beggar refuse to get down the horse?
The beggar refused to get down from the horse as his intention was not good and he wanted to rob the rich man of his horse by making false claim.
What did the horse do when the beggar touched it?
When the Caliph asked the beggar to touch the horse, it winced showing his feeling of dislike towards the beggar’s touch.
How did the horse feel when the rich man touched it?
When the rich man touched the horse, he welcomed by snorting and neighing with pleasure.
What did the Caliph say to the beggar?
The Caliph said to the beggar that as he proved to be a liar and wicked person so he must get severe punishment so to learn a lesson. But being a kind person he would forgive him this time and he should beg for forgiveness from the rich man to whom he tried to rob and harm financially.
B. Learn the spellings and meanings of the following words from the lesson and use ten of them in sentences of your own:
afford; winced; hinted: claim; puzzled; pronounce; disguise; dismount; dispute; lend; limp; motion; neigh; snort; swear.
|afford||have enough money to pay for.|
|winced||make a slight involuntary grimace or shrinking movement of the body out of pain or distress.|
|hinted||suggest or indicate something indirectly or covertly.|
|claim||state or assert that something is the case, typically without providing evidence or proof.|
|puzzled||unable to understand; confused|
|pronounce||declare or announce in a formal or solemn way|
|disguise||give (someone or oneself) a different appearance in order to hide one’s identity.|
|dismount||get off a horse, bicycle, or anything that one is riding.|
|dispute||a disagreement or argument|
|lend||grant to (someone) the use of (something) on the understanding that it will be returned.|
|limp||walk with difficulty, typically because of a damaged or stiff leg or foot|
|motion||the action or process of moving or being moved.|
|neigh||a characteristic high sound made by a horse|
|snort||make a sudden explosive sound through one’s nose|
|swear||make a solemn statement or promise undertaking to do something or affirming that something is the case.|
|afford||I can’t afford a new coat at this time.|
|claim||Tahira claims that he can speak French.|
|puzzled||His behavior puzzled me most of the time.|
|disguise||He went into the bank in the disguise of a guard.|
|dismount||He dismounted the horse carefully.|
|dispute||International disputes must be settled peacefully.|
|limp||He walked with a slight limp and looked older than thirty-six.|
|neigh||His horse neighed as he pulled back on the reigns and rode away.|
|snort||My friend used to snort whenever he laughed.|
|swear||I swear I didn’t do anything.|
(a) For each word in list ‘A’ find a word of similar meaning from list ‘B’.
b) crowd, limp, utter, disguise, claim, motion, gallop.
By using the words given above and changing the form, where necessary, complete the following sentences:
1. A large crowd had gathered outside the court.’
2. The courtiers crowded round the Caliph.
3. The Calip disguised himself as a common man.
4. The people recognized the Caliph in spite of his disguise
5.His right leg is shorter than the left leg, so he has a limp in his walk.
6. The rich man saw the lame beggar limping along the road.
7.The beggar motioned to him to stop.
8. He stood still and made no motion
9.He uttered a few words and then lost consciousness.
10.To his utter disappointment he failed again in the examination.
11.The rich man went galloped along the road.
12.The horse was running at a gallop
13.The rich man and the beggar both claimed the horse
14.Whose claim was found to be true?
c) Complete the following sentences by using suitable phrases from the list given below, in their proper form: be off, pull up, fight over, fight for, feel sorry for, well-to-do, well off, feel ashamed of.
1. He saw two dogs fighting over bone.
2. From his dress he appears to be a well-to-do citizen.
3. Noticing a fallen tree blocking the road he immediately pulled up his horse.
4. His father was a great leader; he fought for the freedom of his country.
5. He was very poor last year but now he seems to be quite well off.
6. The master ordered his servant to be off and out of sight.
7. You misbehaved with your teacher and you should feel ashamed of yourself.
8. The rich man saw the lame beggar and feel sorry for him.
d) Make nouns from the verbs given below and use both nouns and verbs in sentences of your own:
beg, live, lend, believe, please, give, speak.
Example: speak (V) speech (N)
1.He cannot speak English.
2. He made a speech in Urdu.
|beg||The puppy stood up on its hind legs to beg for a piece of my barbecued chicken.|
|live||I want to live peacefully in the countryside with my family.|
|lend||Please lend me your car.|
|believe||I don’t believe in ghosts.|
|please||Please don’t waste your precious time in stupid activities.|
|give||My friend gives me her favorite dress.|
|speak||My mother speaks very politely.|
|beggar||I gave the beggar all the money I had.|
|liveliness||The child’s giggle adds into the liveliness of the room.|
|lender||His father was a tax collector and money-lender.|
|believer||I am a great believer in social work.|
|pleaser, pleasure||I always find pleasure in reading mystery novels.|
|giver||He was a good fighter and liberal giver but lacked wisdom.|
|speech||She delivered her speech in quite an impressive manner.|
e) Complete the following sentences by using the correct form of the verb/ verbs placed in brackets at the end of each sentence.
1. The horseman a beggar along the road.
2. When he round and back, the rider and the horse.(turn, took, disappear)
3. The beggar to the horse.
4. The Caliph him forward and his story.(order, step, tell)
5. Both the men on the Holy Book.
6. Before the Caliph the Court, the Qazi two men and a horse.(enter, bring)
7. The Qazi also present in the Court.
8. The two men over the horse.
9. The Qazi not the case.
10. He the horse with a whip.
1. The horseman noticed a beggar limping along the road.
2. When he turned round and looked back, the rider and the horse disappeared.
3. The beggar clinged to the horse.
4. The Caliph ordered him to step forward and told his story.
5. Both the men swore on the Holy Book.
6. Before the Caliph entered the Court, the Qazi brought two men and a horse.
7. The Qazi was also present in the Court.
8. The two men fought over the horse.
9. The Qazi could not decide the case.
10. He strokes the horse with a whip.
Q.1) Describe in ten sentences the dispute between the rich man and the beggar.
1. The dispute between the rich man and the beggar was the crucial one.
2. It was about the ownership of a white, beautiful and healthy horse.
3. The rich man defended his case first in front of the Caliph.
4. According to the rich man, the horse was his. When he was going towards the city gate, he saw the beggar who was limping. He felt sympathy for him that’s why he asked him to sit behind him on the horse.
5. When they reached at the gate, the rich man asked him to get down from the horse. He refused and claimed that this was his horse.
6. Then it was the beggar’s turn, who said that the horse was his.
7. The beggar said that when he was going towards the city gate, he saw this rich man.
8. The rich man asked him to lend the horse. As he didn’t know him, he refused.
9. Rather than the beggar gave him favor by asking him to sit with him, he would drop him to his destination.
10. When they reached there, the rich man asked him to dismount from the horse and claimed that the horse was his.
Q.2) How did the Caliph prove that the beggar was a liar?
Being a wise and intelligent Caliph, he resolved the dispute between the rich man and the beggar quite rationally. He proved that the beggar was a liar by simply using the sense of touch associated with affection. The Caliph asked both the men to put their hands on the horse one by one and then he judged the dispute with it. When the rich man touched the horse, it neighed with pleasure. On the other hand, when the beggar touched the horse with his hand, it winced showing displeasure and sense of discomfort too. On seeing this, the Caliph came to know that the beggar was a liar as the horse reflects displeasure on his touch. If it was his horse, it must behaved like its owner touch.
Q.1) How would you greet someone you visit in the evening?
Greetings hold important place in the civilized culture of any society, it reflects the customs, traditions and way of living of the individuals.
In the evening, if I would visit someone, I would definitely say “Good evening”
Q.2) How would you wish him at the end of your visit?
If I would leave my host late in the evening, I would wish him “Good night” so he would have a comfortable sound sleep at the night leaving behind all the tensions and worries of the whole day.