Dissolution Sigmund Freud was born in 1856 in Freiburg, a country in the Austrian Empire and a town in present-day Czechoslovakia. His family moved to Vienna when he was Chambers. He was an intelligent student. He received his degree in medicine from the University of Vienna in 1881. For the next ten years, he did research in orthopaedics.
Joining the staff of a psychiatric clinic, Jean Char Coat worked in Paris and also worked with Joseph Brier, a physician in Vienna.
Freud’s ideas on psychology gradually developed. Somewhere in 1895, his first book, Hysteria, was published with a research paper by Brier. His next book, Explanations of Dreams, was published in 1900.
It is one of his most memorable writings. Although at first the book sold out at a rapid pace. However, it made him very famous. Then other books came to light. When Fried came to the United States in 1908 to give a lecture, he had already gained considerable popularity. In 1902, he formed an organization in Vienna to discuss psychological issues.
Early members included the Alfred Diode. A few years later, Carl Jung joined them. Both friends gained immense fame in the world of psychology.
Freud married and then had children. In the last years of his life, he was diagnosed with jaw cancer. After that, he underwent more than 30 operations for treatment. However, he continued to write and compose. In the meantime, he wrote some important articles.
In 1988, the Nazis invaded Austria. He will be forced to return to London, where he died the following year.
Freud’s achievements in psychology are so immense that they cannot be summarized here. He emphasized the importance of unconscious mental factors in human behavior. It showed how these factors affect dreams and how they cause general disabilities such as stuttering and forgetfulness of names or even self-inflicted salvation or illness.
Freud invented the method of psychoanalysis to treat mental illness. It shaped the structure of the human personality. He developed psychological theories about various forms of anxiety, such as Castration Complex, Repression, and Sublimation. His writings have piqued the public’s interest in psychology.
Many of his theories are controversial and have been hotly debated since they came to light. One reason for Freud’s popularity is his theorization that suppressed sexual desire usually plays a key role in the emergence of neurosis. In fact, Freud was not the inventor of this idea, nor did his writings give it a scientific status.
He argued that sexual arousal and desire begin in childhood and not in puberty. Because many of Freud’s theories are controversial. It is difficult to determine its true status in history. Freud’s substance of innovation was extraordinary. Unlike Darwin or Pasteur, Freud’s theories have not been generally accepted by the scientific community.
It is difficult to say to what extent all of his ideas will prove to be true.
Despite the ongoing controversy over his ideas, there is no doubt that Freud is one of the most prominent figures in the history of human thought. His ideas on psychology have revolutionized the concept of the human mind. The various theories and terms he introduced have become part of the common usage of the language, such as id, ego, complex Oedipus, and death.
It is true that psychotherapy is a costly treatment. On the contrary, it often fails. But it is also not wrong to say that this method has achieved many great successes. There is no character. As Freud or his followers imagine.
However, the majority of psychologists today agree that unconscious mental activity plays a fundamental role in human behavior, which was not given much attention before Freud.
Of course, Freud was not the first psychologist, and in the future he may not have been one of the leading psychologists whose theories proved to be correct. But he was a very influential and important figure in the evolution of modern psychological theory. In view of his invaluable importance in this field, he deserves to be included in this list.