St. Augustine was born in the fall of the Roman Empire. He was the greatest theologian of his time. His writings had a profound effect on Christian beliefs and attitudes in the Middle Ages. The effects can still be felt.
Augustine was born in about forty-five miles from the large coastal town of Hue (now Anaba) in the town of Tagasta, in Algeria, called Civic Ahras.
He was a patriarch and his mother was a devout Christian. He was not pampered as a child.
At the age of puberty, his immense intelligence was beginning to show. At the age of sixteen, he went to Carthage to acquire knowledge. She had a child with a midwife there. He was nineteen years old when he decided to study philosophy.
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He soon accepted Mani, which Mani had established in about 240 AD.
The young Augustine felt the sting of Christianity. While Mani Mat did meet his rational standards, in the following years he gradually became disillusioned with Mani Mat. He moved to Rome when he was 29 years old. Shortly afterwards, he moved to Milan in northern Italy, where he became a lecturer in oratory. There he was introduced to Neoplatonism, a modified form of Plato’s thought.
Which was formed by Plato in the third century AD.
The archbishop of Milan was then St. Ambrose. Augustine heard some of his sermons. Who added some sophisticated and new aspects of Christianity to it. At the age of thirty-two, he converted to Christianity and became an ardent supporter of such skeptical Christianity. In 387, Augustine made Ambrose his successor. Shortly afterwards, he returned to his hometown of Taga Sta.
In 391, Augustine Hippo became the bishop’s assistant. When the bishop died five years later, Augustine was 42 years old. He became the bishop of Hugh. He remained in this position for the rest of his life.
Although Hippo was not an important city, Augustine soon became one of the most important leaders in the church because of his God-given intelligence. It lacked facilities.
However, with the help of a stenographer, he wrote a large number of religious writings. He has about five hundred sermons left, two hundred more letters.
There are more than two major influences in his books. (1) The City of God (2) “Objections” The latter is considered to be the most famous book in the world in the list of autobiographies. He wrote this book in the fourth decade of his life.
In many of Augustine’s letters and sermons, the doctrines of China, the Donatis, an heretical Christian sect, and the Pelagis (another heretical Christian sect of the time) are widely criticized. The sharp differences with the Pellegrini played a key role in shaping Augustine’s religious ideology. Pelagus was an English
monk who went to Rome in 400 AD. There he expressed a number of interesting theological theories.
He claimed that we are free from fundamental sin and have complete freedom
of choice in goodness. Everyone can be saved by transcendental society and good deeds.
To some extent, under the influence of St. Augustine’s writings, yellow gas was considered an innovation. He was expelled from Rome and deprived of ecclesiastical rights. According to Augustine, all human beings are tainted by the sin of Adam.
Man is not able to get rid of himself only by his good deeds and good deeds, so mercy is necessary. Similar views have been expressed before. Augustine, however, exaggerated these earlier statements. His writings strengthened the church’s position on these issues.
Augustine wrote that God knows ahead of time who will be saved and who will be deprived of it.
Salvation is written in the destiny of a few of us. This idea of the Tablet of Destiny had a profound effect on later theologians. Such as St. Thomas Aquinas and John Lalon.
More important than the theory of destiny, however, is Augustine’s attitude toward sex. When he converted to Christianity, he decided that it was necessary to abstain from sex (he wrote that there is nothing more avoidable than sex).
For St. Augustine himself, abandoning it really made the world difficult. His internal endeavors and views on this subject are described in detail in his book Objections. The ideas he put forward had a profound effect on the general attitude towards sex in the Middle Ages due to his valuable reputation. It was Augustine’s writings that combined the idea of eternal sin and sexual desire.
It was during Augustine’s lifetime that the Roman Empire began to decline rapidly. He was found guilty of deviating from the gods and accepting Christianity. Augustine’s most famous book, The City of God, is in a sense based on the defense of Christianity against this accusation.
However, the book also contains a complete philosophy of history which had a profound effect on later development in Europe. Augustine propagated the view that the Roman Empire was of no fundamental importance. Neither Rome nor any other earthly city.
What matters is the growth of the heavenly “city” literally; the spiritual development of other humanity. While the wheel of this progress is the “church” (salvation is not possible anywhere outside the church).
This proved that emperors, whether pagans or Christians, were not important. Of real importance are the pope and the church.
Although Augustine himself never took any final step. However, the power of the Brahmins forced the people to conclude that these interim rulers should be subject to the Cope. Medieval medics are happy to draw this conclusion, while the same ideas later led to long-running conflicts between the church and the state that have plagued European history for centuries.
Augustine’s writings allowed some aspects of Greek philosophy to be embedded in medieval Europe. Neoplatonism in particular greatly influenced Augustine’s thought, and it was through Augustine that it influenced Christian philosophy. It is interesting to note that Augustine put forward the same idea in slightly different words that Descartes stated that I think so I am present.
Augustine was the last great theologian before the beginning of the Dark Ages. His writings based the beliefs of the church on these basic lines, albeit in a somewhat crude way. The one who survived the Middle Ages was one of the most important popes in the Latin Church. The church members paid close attention to his writings. His views on salvation, sex, eternal disobedience and many other topics proved to be very inspiring.
The effects of these writings on Protestant religious leaders, such as St. Tha’s Miss Aquinas, Lou Thar and Calvin, are significant.
St. Augustine died in Hippo in 430 at the age of 76. This was the time when a savage nation, the Vandal, destroyed the Roman Empire and laid siege to Hippo. A few months later, they captured the town and burned it to ashes. However, Augustine’s library and “cathedral” survived.