Rawalpindi board English 10th Notes Chapter 8

Rawalpindi board English 10th Notes Chapter 8 (Peace) Include review questions, solved exercises, important board questions, Vocabulary, Reading Comprehension, MCQs, and grammar.

Rawalpindi board English 10th Notes Chapter 8 (Peace)

Vocabulary

Q.1) Pick out words from the poem which mean the same as the following.

a)  extremely noisy
b)  to be broken violently and noisily into pieces
c)  to make something level by using a rake
d)  to make something turn rapidly round and round a central point
e)  lasting or existing forever
f)   to speak or say something quietly, using only one’s breath so that only the people closest to one can hear

Answer:
a) roaring, smashing
b) monster of destruction
c) to rake
d) to spin
e) eternal
f) to whisper

Q2) Give synonyms for each of the following words.

Answer:

  • yelling
  • break to pieces
  • whirl
  • calmness
  • midst

Q.3) Which word in each pair below has the more positive connotation to you? Circle your answer.

  • thrifty               –         penny-pinching
  • pushy            –           aggressive
  • politician       –           statesman
  • chef                 –         cook
  • slender           –         skinny

Answer:

  • thrifty
  • pushy
  • statesman
  • chef
  • slender

Q.4) Choose the appropriate connotations.

1) Which would you rather be called?
    a) thrifty                                b) cheap
2) Which is more serious?
    a) problem                            b) disaster
3) Which is more polite?
   a) sip a drink                          b) gulp it
4) Which would you be if you hadn’t eater for several days?
    a) hungry                              b) starving
5) Which would you be after a walk in the mud?
    a) filthy                                  b) dirty


Answer:

  1. thrifty
  2. disaster
  3. sip a drink
  4. starving
  5. dirty

Q5) Explain the following idioms and find their Urdu equivalents.

1) It is no use crying over spilt milk.
2) Do not put off till tomorrow what you can do today.
3) Out of the frying pan into the fire.
4) Out of sight, out of mind.
5) As you sow, so shall you reap

Answer:
Explanation:

1) Do not be upset by making mistakes, since you cannot change that now.
2) Do not delay something that you can do immediately.
3) From the bad situation to the worst situation.
4) You soon forget about people or things that are no longer present or visible.
5) Your deeds, good or bad, will repay you in kind.

Answer:
Translation:

اب پچھتاۓ کیا ہوت جب چڑیاں چگ گیئں کھیت۔
 آج کا کام کل پر مت چھوڑو۔
  آسمان سے گرا کجھور میں اٹکا۔
  آنکھ اوجھل پہاڑ اوجھل۔
  جیسا کرو گے ویسا بھرو گے۔


Reading Comprehension

How is wind described in the first stanza?

The wind is described as a cruel monster that causes destruction, as it is “roaring” and “smashing” leveling all men’s efforts. The wind has been personified as a “monster of destruction”, that is powerful enough to take everything from valleys and vales with it.

With what wind is compared in the first stanza?

Wind is compared with “monster of destruction”, that knocks down all man-made structures and buildings to the ground. It is fierce and giant.

What is the wind doing to all man’s work?

Wind is causing a lot of destruction, due to its unbeatable power. Nothing can stand in its way. It is leveling man’s efforts to the ground. It makes everything falls down and breaks them.

How does the scene look like when the wind is still?

The scene is completely opposite to the scene when the wind is “roaring”. There are bright blue skies and all that is heard is a gentle whisper from far away. These whispers are giving no indication for the change in weather so, they are “unimportant”. The whole environment creates an eternal silence.

What comparison is made in the second stanza?

There is a wide difference in the attitude of wind blowing in the second stanza. Here the wind is quite gentle and becomes the main cause of life for birds, buds and other living things. The wind here is shown as very constructive and productive. There lies the truth of life that after every storm there is always joy and happiness.

Which imagery has the poet used in this poem? Give examples.

The poem is plentiful with imagery. Poet has made rich use of imagery to beautify the poem. The vivid images of sight and sound create a word picture of what the poetess sees and hears,when the wind blows.

The poetess opens with a scene when wind rages in storm. It blows with “roaring” and “smashing” like a”monster of destruction”. It “rakes” all men work. and “sends” every thing through “breaking” and”flying”.
In second stanza, the poet completely changes the mood of wind through using imagery like ” gentle whisper” and “eternal stillness”.


Grammar

Q.1) Identify demonstrative, reflexive and interrogative pronouns in the following sentences.

1) Hand me that hammer.
2) I saw myself in the mirror.
3) Who is there?
4) He himself will be our new friend.
5) Is this your teacher’s book?
6) Which is your pen?
Answer:

That (demonstrative pronouns)
Myself ( reflexive pronoun )
Who (interrogative pronouns)
Himself (reflexive pronoun)
This (demonstrative pronoun)
Which (interrogative pronoun)


Writing Skills

What is the central idea of this poem?

The poem describes beautifully the difference between positive and the negative aspects of the wind which arise a consciousness of soothing and ever lasting effect of wind in us that ultimately subdues its destructive power. The poem draws our attention towards the fact that there may be destruction off and on in the world. But in its essence, the world is a peaceful place. The problem is that we do not value peace when it is there. We only remember the destruction. The poem suggests that we should appreciate and enjoy our lives when it is peace and calm, and the sky is bright blue. Thinking about the destructive aspect of the world all the time is not advisable.

Q.2) Paraphrase the stanzas of the poem.

Answer:
Stanza 1:
The wind is gushing like a monster with its destructive force, smashing and leveling all the things made by man. It destroys everything from the valleys and vales. Wind is too strong that it turns things turns things upside down, spinning and breaking into pieces and flies them into the air.
Stanza 2:
But this is not its basic truth rather the truth is its eternal stillness and bright blue calm sky that makes you hear nothing but gentle whisper which gives no sign for the change in weather.

Q.3) Write a summary of the poem “Peace”.

“Peace” is a metaphorical poem written by Dr. Hartmann which gives a beautiful description of the two aspects of the wind. The poet opens the poem with a scene when wind rages in storm. It blows with furry and knocks down everything like a monster of destruction. It destructs everything that man has made. It makes them spin, rolls, breaks and flies into the air. The destructive aspect of wind is quite dominant, yet it is not the sole reality.

We have to experience storms to enjoy peace. The poet draws our attention towards the fact that there may be destruction off and on in the world. But in its essence, the world is a peaceful place. The problem is that we do not value peace when it is there. We only remember the destruction. The poet suggests that we should appreciate and enjoy our lives when it is peace and calm and the sky is bright blue. Thinking about the destructive aspect of the world all the time is not advisable.

The poet has drawn a clear difference between positive and negative aspects of the wind associating it with the real situation in our life. It also awakens a consciousness of soothing and ever lasting effect of wind on us that ultimately subdues its destructive power.

Q.4) Write an account of a natural disaster in 170 to 200 words

Natural disaster is a major adverse event resulting from natural processes of Earth, which includes floods, volcanic eruption, earthquakes, or other geological processions. A natural disaster can cause loss of life or property and leaves economic damage in its wake. The severity of the damage depends on the affected population’s resilience, or ability to recover.

The flood of 2010 in Pakistan was a natural disaster that it has faced in hundred years or more. It was even greater calamity or catastrophe as compared to Asian Tsunami, the mighty storm in America or earthquake here in Pakistan.

The floods began in July after the heavy monsoon rains in the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Gilgit Baltistan, Sindh and Lower Punjab. Around one-fifth of the total area came under flood storm. Twenty million people lost their shelters and many lost their lives. The affected people had to leave their houses to stay on high grounds under natural shelter and hastily arrange camps. The heavy monsoon rains filled the waterways and rivers beyond their capacity.

The government sent rescue teams and medical teams to the affected areas after the calamity to rehabilitate the affected. Futher more, the government built small dams on the waterways and raised the embankments by putting common people on work. In this way, the floodwater was stored for the future use.


Review-2

How can we raise the status of our country in the world?

We can raise the status of our country by following the message and teaching of Hazrat Muhammad (S.A.W.W). Practical examples from the life of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.W) give us hints to implement Islamic law and order in our country and to promote justice and equality.

What will be the effect of sunshine over raindrops?

Sunshine after the rain creates an exuberant effect through peeping into every single dark raindrop it lights up those raindrops and hence creates a magnificent view.

What role can media play in bringing harmony to society?

Media plays a role in bringing harmony to a country. Media makes people listen and see and therefore forces them to reflect on a message. As an instrument to make a difference in society, it motivates people for action and improves the life of your environment. Many of our communities in the world are fully supplied and managed through media.

Co-curricular activities prepare students for the future. How?

Co-curricular activities make a well- rounded student. These activities are particularly good at providing opportunities for students to work in teams, to exercise leadership, and to take the initiative themselves. These experiences make students more attractive to universities and to become potential employees.

Q.3) Read the letter to the editor and answer the questions given below.

Rawalpindi board English 10th Notes Chapter 8 peace
Rawalpindi board English 10th Notes Chapter 8

What is the main idea of the letter?

The letter is about taking safety measures against monsoon rain that hits the area and causes destruction. The letter is written in order to provide some precautionary measures and make arrangements to save people from great loss and provide them shelter, security, and food.

What is the writer’s opinion on the issue?

The writer is of the opinion that the disaster management team should visit the affected areas to educate and train the affected people and to find out their losses. Security arrangements along with law enforcement agencies should provide the victims with security, food and other essential items. Medical teams should cooperate to provide health facilities.

What points does the writer make to support his opinion?

The writer makes his opinion strong by giving a detailed outline of things and arrangements needed for the people of the flood-affected areas. He explained the tasks that Government bodies should carry out in order to help affectees.

What suggestions does the writer give to cope up with the issue?

The writer gives a suggestion that disaster management teams must visit affected areas and ensure the security of living beings as well as their things. Arrangements regarding livestock should be available on short notice. Irrigation department should be made responsible for water drainage. Furthermore, civic bodies need to ensure proper sanitation and medical team should provide health facilities.

Do you agree with the writer? Give reasons.

The writer has given very logical arguments regarding safety arrangements but he should also focus on how different departments can win support and cooperation of the common people in the tasks that they have to perform.

Write a precis of the passage.

Disaster management team should visit the villages to educate and train people in the Monsoon season. Arrangements should be made to help out people who get badly affected by the heavy rains. Shelter, food, medicines and other necessary items should be provided. People should be provided with security. Sanitation department should clear nullahs so to ensure smooth flow of rainwater. Pumps should be installed in areas so to drain out excess water. The medical team should visit these areas to provide basic health facilities to the affectees.

Q.4) Write an application on any ONE of ihe following.

  1. Asking principal to remit your fine
  2. Asking principal to arrange a trip to a historical place/ study tour

Application No. 1
The Principal,
Government School.
City A.B.C.
 
Subject: Remittance of Fine

Sir,
Most respectfully, I want to state that my English teacher has fined me for not taking the special test. He thinks that I did not take the test on purpose. The fact is that I was suddenly taken ill just a day before.
As my parents were away to a marriage and there was no one in the house to submit my application. I could not even apply for a leave.
I shall feel obliged if you kindly remit the fine of Rs. 200 imposed on me by the English teacher.
Thanking you in anticipation.

Yours faithfully,
X.Y.Z.
Dated: 07 September 2015

Application No.2

The Principal,
Government College,
City A.B.C.

Subject: Application for Arranging A Trip
 
Sir,
I, on behalf of the students of Class 10th,  want to submit a request to permit us to visit historical places of Taxila. This will give us an opportunity to explore the hidden knowledge of history.  Our knowledge shall ever remain unelaborated until we see them with our own eyes and examine them intimately.
Moreover, we request you to allow our History teacher to accompany us so we may get first-hand knowledge of the places.
I request you on behalf of all the students to arrange a tour on our concern. We shall be much obliged for this kind act. 

Yours obediently,
X.Y.Z.
Dated: 07 September 2015


Q.5) Write a comparative essay on any ONE of the following,

  1. Outdoor Activities and playing Video Games
  2. Text Messaging to Personal Conversation

Outdoor Activities and playing Video Games

Every individual is given equal time a day. It depends on a person how he manages to do his work. Some people prefer to organize their time while other wastes their time lying idle. There is a visible comparison between spending leisure time indoors, playing video games and outdoors doing physical activities. This is a very common notion to compare video games with outdoor games. In addition, most people view that outdoor games are better than video games in spite of themselves being so addicted to their gadgets. However, generally, both are equally valuable.

Although, outdoor activities are aerobic, even if a person simply takes up walking means that energy is burnt off which helps to increase physical fitness. It provides people with energetic actions and different sightseeing in the circumstances of pure, fresh environment. On the contrary, our modern civilization has a tendency to confine the individual in limited space with overwhelming works that build up the stress. It is that the outdoor atmosphere is more relaxed than the constant-pressure space. Spending time outside, far from computers, video games, phones and radiation they involve, would be more beneficial for their health, relieving stress and refreshing your body and mind.

Outdoor activities that involve games are just as competitive as video games, and so are good for people psychologically. Encouraging healthy competition is what helps people strive to be better. They do not stimulate logic and problem-solving elements in the mind but does stimulate thinking elements in the brain. It also helps to build a mind to body coordination, whereas video games only stimulate hand-to-eye coordination.

Video games are able to stimulate intellect and help to teach people how to focus on one task for hours. It gives a psychological reward for extended concentration and effort. Video games stimulate the competitive urge in people, making them more open to real-world competition. Competition is healthy and therefore it is a good thing to stimulate it as much as possible.

It seems obvious that a person should indulge in both video games and outdoor activities in equal measure. Just like any form of recreation, an excess of everything is bad. A healthy mix of outdoor activities and video games is going to be healthy and positive for both adults and children

Text Messaging to Personal Conversation

Why do people text?

Most of us will be of opinion that they text to save their time. More and more people are foregoing the process of making phone calls or going for personal conversation. They put their fingers on good use to text instead. People savvy the idea of texting than to have a personal conversation as it saves time as well as money. Convenience can be a blessing but too much of a good thing is never ideal. Although texting aims to accomplish the same task, texting can have dire consequences if not used in moderation.

Old-fashioned personal conversations are sincerer. They allow people to talk on a personal level. Nathan Freire, a professor at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute informs that the more richly you engage someone, the more potential there is for embarrassment. This is a valid statement and because phone calls are more intimate, it makes sense that there is a greater chance for embarrassment. On the other hand, short text messages relieve kids of that anxiety. Embarrassment is an emotion that most people try to avoid.

However, should it be avoided to the extent that people do not learn how to deal with it? It is a known fact that handling embarrassment and other messy feelings are a necessary part of dealing with others. It is a skill that a child has to learn. With the rapid rise of texting, it looks as if children will never learn these important life lessons.

As texting is so popular, teens will actually go out of their way to make sure they do not have to endure personal conversations. Texting can seem fun and be a great convenience, but it hinders the ability to form a face-to-face conversation. Although these skills may not seem important, they will be invaluable when it comes time to converse with a possible future employer, at a job interview. Children can only learn real social skills if given the opportunity to actually use their voice in conversations. A personal conversation will allow such an opportunity but texting will not.

Texting is a more physical activity than having a vocal conversation on the phone. It is necessary to use the thumbs to press the buttons but excessive texting could be harmful. A study suggests that we have some reason to be concerned that too much texting could lead to temporary or permanent damage to the thumbs. In contrast, a normal conversation does not require the use of anything but the voice.

By calling people instead of texting, people can avoid straining themselves and dealing with consequences that may accumulate over time. Many worry that texting is replacing actual conversations. Both texting and phone calls are aimed to accomplish the same goal: to help people stay connected. It is surprising to see how two very similar ideas can have very different consequences. Texting is an epidemic that is not going to disappear any time soon. It will continue to spread and trap even more people. It is unfortunate, but the world will inevitably have to accept that texting is a new way of talking.

Q.6) Paraphrase the following stanza.

I hear leaves drinking rain;

I hear rich leaves on top

Giving the poor beneath

Drop after drop;

Tis a sweet noise to hear

These green leaves drinking near.

Answer:

I hear the leaves are drinking rain water. The rich leaves on the top are giving drop after drop water to the poor leaves beneath them. This is the sweet noise that we hear of these green leaves that are drinking water nearby.

Q.7) Write a summary of the poem “Peace”.

“Peace” is a metaphorical poem written by Dr. Hartmann, which gives a beautiful description of the two aspects of the wind. The poem opens with a scene when wind rages into storm. It blows with furry and knocks down everything. It destroys all man made things by turning and breaking them. The destructive aspect of wind is quite dominant yet, it is not the sole reality. Later, wind shows its real purpose and blows softly.

We have to experience storms to enjoy peace. The poet draws our attention towards the fact that there may be destruction off and on in the world. However, in its essence the world is a peaceful place. The problem is that we do not value peace when it is there. We only remember the destruction. The poet suggests that we should appreciate and enjoy our lives when it is peace and calm and the sky is bright blue. The poet aware us of the peaceful effect of the wind that reduces its destructive power. Thinking about the destructive aspect of the world all the time is not advisable.

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