Rawalpindi board English 10th Notes Chapter 5

Rawalpindi board English 10th Notes Chapter 5 (The Rain) Include review questions, solved exercises, important board questions, Vocabulary, Reading Comprehension, MCQs, and grammar.

Rawalpindi board English 10th Notes Chapter 5

Rawalpindi board English 10th Notes Chapter 5

Vocabulary

Q.1) Give an antonym for each given word and make sentences with both words.

  • rich
  • top
  • near
  • light
  • bright
  • noise
  • lovely

Answer:

  • Meager  

Cereals and grain are rich in proteins.
He will queue up with the other drones for hours to receive his meager earnings. 

  • Bottom

The flag was waving on the top of the mountain.
She picked the book on the bottom shelf.

  • Far

The baby started screaming as the cat came near her.
She doesn’t live far from her workplace, so she can easily reach the place on time.

  •  Dark

She woke up to the first ray of the light peeping through the window.  
It was too much dark in the room when we entered. 

  • Dusky

I could see a bright light in the sky after the heavy rain stopped.
I saw him walking down the road one dusky morning.

  • Silence

He made some loud noise when the thief entered his house.
They followed a brief silence when he entered the room.

  • Horrible:

It was a lovely December morning when I woke up and the sun was beaming straight into my room.
I had a horrible dream, standing on the cliff of a snowy cold and grey evening.

Q.2) Read the following sentences. Answer the questions given below.

a) Adeel was surprised.
b) Adeel was amazed.
c) Adeel was astonished.
i) What is the general meaning of each of the three sentences about Adeel? Do the words “surprised,” “amazed,” and “astonished” have approximately the same denotation?
ii) Use a dictionary to find what additional meanings are suggested by “astonish”.
iii) Would a person be surprised or astonished at seeing a ghost?

Answer:

  1. By”Surprised”, it means to catch by a surprise, amazement or wonder unexpectedly. “Amazed” is an emotion that is confounded or confused with fear, surprise or wonder a greater extent. Whereas, “Astonished” is both amazed and surprise that a person is caught in shock and bewilderment.
  2. Greatly surprised or impressed; amazed.
  3. A person will get both surprised and astonished after seeing a ghost.

Reading Comprehension

Q.1) Answer the following questions.

i) What does the poet hear?
Answer:
The poet hears sweet noise of green leaves drinking the water of the rain and passing water beneath drop by drop.
ii) What according to the poet is a sweet noise?
Answer:
According to the poet, the noise of green leaves drinking water is the sweet noise.
iii) What will happen after the rain stops?
Answer:
After the rain stops, the sun will come out again and a spectacular display of light that will lit up each dark round drop will create a magnificent sight.
iv) How does the sun come out after the rain?
Answer:
The sun comes out shining brighter and clearer than before.
v) How does the light fill the drops?
Answer:
The wondrous light fills the dark round drop by striking each drop of water, creating magnificent an extraordinary display.
vi) What makes the scene lovely?
Answer:
The sun shining brightly makes the scene lovely and beautiful.

Q.3) Identify use of metaphor in the poem and answer these questions.

1. What do the rich leaves symbolize?
2. What do the poor leaves stand for?
3. What does the sun symbolize?

Answer:

  1. Rich leaves symbolizes rich people of the society.
  2. Poor leaves of the plant that are beaneath the rich leaves stands for poor people in the society. 
  3. Sun symbolizes hope ,that is brightening each drop of the rain. it is symbolizing harmony and equity.

Q.4) Identify the use of personification in the poem and answer these questions.

1. Which object is being personified in the poem?
2.  Which human traits are given to that object?

Answer:

  1. Leaves of the plant are being personified in the poem, by associating them with the human trait of drinking water. 
  2. Drinking water along with the act giving and taking are the human traits associated with the leaves of the plant.

Q.1) Write the main idea of the poem. 

Answer:
There is a hope in the tone of the poem, that there would be equity in the society one day. Just like the sunshine that spreads all over the world giving equal benefits, even that the dark round drop under a thick and rich green leave is not left away. There is a hope that after the reign of discrimination there would come a time of harmony and equity, when the people will be treated evenly.

Q.2) Paraphrase the stanzas of the poem

Answer:
Stanza 1:
I hear the leaves are drinking water. I hear the rich leaves on the top gives water, drop by drop to the poor leaves beneath them which produces sweet noice, coming from near. Stanza 2:
This rain will stop after the sun comes out. Its incredible light will fill each dark round drop of the rain with light. I hope that the sun will shine bright which will create another beautiful sight.

Q.3) Write summary of the poem “The Rain”.

Answer:
The poem Rain written by W.H. Davies is a beautiful description of rain that is metaphorically compared with the reality of life. The poet admires the sweet noise of leaves drinking rain water which creates a spectacular scene. As the leaves above quench their thirst they pass on the drops of water to the leaves below them so that they could also get benefit of the rain.  He calls the leaves rich that are above and gets the most of water and poor that is below which gives a lesson to the people that rich should help poor through the same way.  When the poet says that sun comes out after raining and brightens up each rain drop. It creates a lovely sight. The poet means to say that there would be equality in the society just like the sunshine which spreads all over the world equally. This poem has symbolic meanings which draws our attention towards the fact that, rich fufil their needs as blessing are showered on them but, they should be kind towards the poors as well. In this way, giving and receiving will turn the world into a great place and there will be happiness all around.

Q.4) Write a paragraph on “The Rainy Day”. (125-150 words)

Answer:
Rain is a natural source of water and a symbol of nourishment for the earth. It purifies the atmosphere.It was one of the midsummers day in July, the temperature was too hot. Everyone wanted to seek shelter in a cool place but it was not possible due to the burning heat of the sun. Animals and plants seemed nearly dead. Suddenly, the wind moved, giving a ray of hope. Everyone prayed for rain and God took mercy on his creature and the sky was over-cast with rainy clouds. The clouds flashed and thundered. It rained heavily for two or three hours. The water poured down from spouts, giving water to every sapling of the plant and every leaf of the tree.

All the living creatures quenched their thirst. It was undoubtedly the happiest day especially for the children and the young people who found a better chance to play and enjoy it and take a break from their dull routine.  After an hour or two, the air became cool and pleasant. The trees looked fresh and green. A rainbow appeared in the sky adding to the beauty of nature. Rainy day is considered to be the real blessing of God and “a thing of beauty”.

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