Rawalpindi board English 10th Notes Chapter 13

Rawalpindi board English 10th Notes Chapter 13 (Faithfulness) Include review questions, solved exercises, important board questions, Vocabulary, Reading Comprehension, MCQs, and grammar.

Rawalpindi board English 10th Notes Chapter 13 (Faithfulness)

Reading Comprehension

What case did the young men bring to Hazrat Umar Farooq رضي الله عنهم?

The young man brought a case to Hazrat Umar (R.A) by holding a strong and well-built countryman. He complained to Hazrat Umar (R.A) that the person had murdered his old father. They asked the Caliph to decide the case in favor of him and put forward a demand to punish the murderer for his crime with justice.

Advertisements

Why did the old man hurl a stone at the camel?

When the villager reached the garden along with his camel. The camel ate a few hanging leaves from the branch of the tree. When the old man saw that, he hurled a stone with all his might at the camel and that severely hurt it on its head and the camel died.

On what condition was the criminal allowed to leave?

The criminal was allowed to leave on a condition that he had to appoint someone as his surety, a person who would be willing to suffer death if he failed to return. The criminal selected Hazrat Abuzar Ghaffari (R.A) as his surety. On getting acceptance from Hazrat Abuzar Ghaffari (R.A) for standing as a surety for the criminal, he was allowed to leave.

Why did the villager ask Hazrat Umar Farooq رضي الله عنهم to delay the execution?

The villager asked Hazrat Umar (R.A) to delay the execution because his father left some gold that he buried in the earth in the fields and no one knows the place. He had to give his younger brother his due share that’s why he wanted to go back and hand over that gold to a trustee so his brother would get his due share after his death otherwise if his brother did not get then he would get punishment on the Day of Judgment.

Advertisements

Why were Sahabas رضي الله عنهمworried?

The Sahabs (R.A) were worried because of Hazrat Abuzar Ghaffari (R.A) as he became the surety for the villager. The villager requested for three days delay in his execution. It was the third day when the villager didn’t return. At that moment, all the Sahabas (R.A) became anxious for the life of their beloved friend Hazrat Abuzar Ghaffari (R.A) as he had to give his life if the villager was unable to reach that day on time.

Why did the accusers forgive the villager?

When the villager returned to the court of the Caliph in time, everyone was astonished at the honesty and faithfulness of the villager as he had a golden chance to run away to save his life but he came back. Being impressed by the good moral character, honesty, and faithfulness of the villager, the accusers forgave him wholeheartedly and also refused to take the blood money from him.


Grammar

Q.2) Combine the following sets of simple sentences to make compound sentences.

1. It rained for three days. The streets in my neighborhood flooded.
2. Kareem completed his homework. He put it in his binder.
3. Haris mowed the lawn. He earned hundred rupees.
4. Neelum doesn’t like seafood. She doesn’t like cabbage.
5. My pencil was broken. I borrowed one from Bushra.
6. I like apples. I like pears more.
7. Eight people got into the elevator. It was crowded. Three people got off.
8. Sara gathered the pictures. She could arrange them in a special album for her family.
Answer:

Advertisements
1.       It rained for three days, so the streets in my neighborhood flooded.
2.Kareem completed his homework and he put it in his binder.
3.Haris mowed the lawn and he earned hundred rupees.
4.Neelum doesn’t like seafood, nor does she like cabbage.
5.My pencil was broken so I borrowed one from Bushra.
6.I like apples, but I like pears more.
7.Eight people got into the elevator, but it was crowded, so three people got off.
8.Sara gathered the pictures so she could arrange them in a special album for her family.

Q.3) Combine the following sets of simple sentences to make complex sentences.

1.  I did not go to the meeting. I was sick.
2. You may be wrong. I cannot say.
3. He worked hard day and night. He did not wish to fail.
4. The examination ended. The students went home.
5. Their progress was slow. They were tired.
6. You should overlook his fault. It would be an act of generosity on your part.
7. We found him in the house. He had formerly lived in that house.
8. The boy gave an explanation of his misconduct. The explanation was not accepted by the headmaster.
Answer:

1.         I did not go to the meeting because I was sick.
2.You may be wrong eventhough I cannot say.
3.He worked hard day and night because he did not wish to fail.
4.The examination ended so they students went home.
5.Their progress was slow because they were tired.
6.You should overlook his fault as it would be an act of generosity on your part.
7.We found him in the house because he had formerly lived in that house.
8.The boy gave an explanation of his misconduct but his explanation was not accepted by the headmaster.

Q.4) Read the following sentences. Circle subordinating conjunctions, underline independent clauses and put commas after dependent clauses.


Example: (Although) I hate tea parties, I went to please my mother.

Advertisements

1. While I am attending school I can work part-time so that I can save money.
2. So that I could go to college my parents worked hard and saved money.
3. If the motor will not start we will have to find a mechanic as soon as possible.
4. Although the blue jacket was on sale I did not buy it.
5. When the school bell rang the children left the classroom.
6. Since he had no luggage with him it seemed odd for him to be on the road.
7. Even after the fire was out there was a great deal of cleanup to do.
Answer:
1. (While) I am attending school, I can work part-time so that I can save money.
2. (So) that I could go to college, my parents worked hard and saved money.
3. (If) the motor will not start, we will have to find a mechanic as soon as possible.
4. (Although) the blue jacket was on sale, I did not buy it.
5. (When) the school bell rang, the children left the classroom.
6. (Since) he had no luggage with him, it seemed odd for him to be on the road.
7. (Even) after the fire was out, there was a great deal of cleanup to do.

Q.5) Change from the direct into the indirect speech.


“I was leading my beloved camel …………  and I surrendered myself to them.”

Advertisements

Answer:
The man said that he was leading his beloved camel. When he had reached a garden and halted to rest, the camel nipped a few leaves off the hanging branch of the tree. The old man on seeing that had hurled a stone at the camel with all his might. The stone had caught the camel on the side of the head. It had reeled and fell down dead. The camel had been very dear to him. He could not control his anger, so he took a stone that had killed his dear camel and hurled it at the old man with all his strength. The stone had hit the old man on the head and subsequently killed him. At that, those two young men had come to him and he surrendered himself to them.

Q.6) Rewrite each sentence. Put quotation marks at appropriate places.

Example:  Spring, Sohail said, is my favorite time of year.
               “Spring,” Sohail said, “is my favorite time of year.

1. Do you think it’s okay, asked Ali, if I wear this dress to school tomorrow?
2. If you had to guess, said Mr. Tariq, who would you say is my favorite author?
3. I will call you after I get home, Irum said, and we can discuss our science experiment together.
4. We’ll be eating supper in about an hour, said mother, so don’t eat any more snacks.
5. We need to fertilize the lawn today, said father, since it’s supposed to rain tomorrow.
Answer:
1. “Do you think it’s okay,” asked Ali, “if I wear this dress to school tomorrow?”
2. “If you had to guess,” said Mr. Tariq, “who would you say is my favourite author?”
3.” I will call you after I get home,” Irum said, “and we can discuss our science experiment together.”
4. “We’ll be eating supper in about an hour,” said mother, “so don’t eat any more snacks.”
5. “We need to fertilize the lawn today,” said father, “since it’s supposed to rain tomorrow.”


Writing Skills

Q.1) Write the character sketch of the villager.

Answer:
The villager was an honest man, different from the others. He was the man of his words. He had returned to the court in time, fully knowing that he could be killed. He not only risked losing his life, but also saved life of Hazrat Abu zar Ghaffar (R.A). He showed his honesty by returning precious gold to his brother. He wanted to die in honor.

Q.2) Summarize the story with the help of mind map given below.

dsf

Answer:

Two men brought a villager to Hazrat Umar (R.A). He was accused of killing their father. They wanted to seek justice. Hazrat Umar (R.A) listened to both the parties. It was decided to sentence the villager to death on fair grounds, as the killer himself had confessed his crime.  The villager accepted the penalty and requested to delay the execution for three days. He gave explanation for his request of the delay, as he had to return the gold to his brother left by their father after his death. He promised that he would return as soon as he hands over the gold. Hazrat Umar (R.A) accepted the request on a condition to stand someone as surety who will be willing to suffer death if he failed to return.

The villager pointed Hazrat Abuzar Ghaffar (R.A) to stand as a surety who agreed to the condition. He was allowed to leave after the accusers accepted the condition as well. It was on the third day that the accuser and surety were presented in the mosque of Hazrat Muhammad (SAWW) but the villager had not returned yet. Only an hour was left that the accusers came to Hazrat Abuzar Ghaffar and demanded to produce the villager.

 He (R.A) assured them of the return of the villager but in case if he failed, he was ready to face the death. The court was anxious as the time was coming nearer. It was then, that the villager reached the court all perspiring and demanded to be slayed down. All the people in the court were astonished by the honesty of the villager. Hazrat Abuzar Ghaffar (R.A) then addressed the Caliph how could he not refuse to the villager to stand as his surety when he had selected him. Everyone in the court witnessed villager’s honesty that the accusers in the court forgiven the criminal and let him live.

Q.4) Write a letter to the editor on cell phone addiction among teenagers.

The Editor

Dawn,

Islamabad, Pakistan.

Subject: Addiction to Cell Phones Among Teenagers.

Sir,

These days we are facing dilemma of the rising trend of using cell phones among the teenagers. It is very disturbing to see the teenagers addicted to their cell phones instead of paying attention to their studies. There is a great need to discourage teenagers from using the cell phones.

Firstly, mobile addicts tend to neglect important activities such as jobs and studies. They drift away from friends and close family. This is a great loss not only to themselves but to the nation as well.

Secondly, most mobile-addicts waste money in the urge of getting the newest and the latest mobile phone.

Thirdly, many parents have noticed changes of behavior in their teenage offspring, like paranoia in case it is related to missing a call or text message. Some teens show signs of depression and anxiety when they do not have access to their cell phone.

In the last, I would like to say that making a reasonable use of mobile phones can be even positive for teenagers since it enables them to keep their friends near and feel backed by their peers. But misusing this device can have irreversible effects on the development of teenagers’ personalities.

      I would request you to spread this message through the platform of your newspaper for the betterment of our youth. “You are the masters of mobiles, not their slaves.”

Yours faithfully,

X.Y.Z.

Q.5) Write an argumentative essay on “Smoking should be banned in Public Places”

“Smoking not only harms the smoker, but also those who are nearby. Smoking is hateful to the nose, harmful to the brain, and dangerous to the lungs. Therefore, smoking should be banned in public places”

Smoking is one of the leading killers in the world. For years, people have been smoking in public places. Smoking in public places causes a considerable amount of problems. It has been proven that smoking not only affects the smoker, but also the people around him. Smoking has harmful effect not only on the health of the smoker but also on the non-smokers. It should be strictly banned in public places.

People who smoke in public portray a bad example. Children especially boys, are easily influenced in their growing stages. They imitate the people around them because they cannot differentiate between right and wrong. There fore they perceive the actions they see around them as the way things should be. Besides that, teenagers who see people smoke in public take it as standard and start smoking as well. There is a saying that goes “monkey see monkey do,” which tells us that people imitate the actions of others as they see it in their daily lives. Teenagers happen to think that smoking makes a person “cool.” When they see adults doing it on the streets it strengthens their belief in the “coolness” of smoking. Some teenagers think that smoking marks their transition into adulthood and maturity. Hence, more teenagers start smoking due to the influence of seeing other people smoke in public places.

Exposure to fumes is as unhealthy for a non-smoker as it is for the smoker. Smoking should be banned in public because it is not only infuriating to people who abhor smoke but also exposes them to many risky diseases. A ban on smoking can give a freedom to non-smokers to live in a clean environment. According to a research, second hand smoke is the third leading cause of preventable death. Smoking does not only affect the smoker negatively, but it is also deleterious to the entire living creature surrounding by. The smoke from cigarettes pollutes the environment which leads to many injurious health diseases. . It causes many diseases including respiratory and heart diseases. Smoke can upset one’s stomach causes breathing and respiratory problems.

By disallowing people who smoke from smoking in public, it will cause smokers to smoke less. If smoking is not allowed in public, people will only be allowed to smoke in their homes. This would mean that as long as they are out of their homes: at work, when they eat out, at the movies or even at the parks, they cannot smoke. A Smoker will have to wait until they get home to light up a cigarette. As a result, their cigarette consumption will be reduced and they will smoke less. This in turn will benefit the smokers who have been trying to quit smoking but are unable to because they have more reason to stop. When the law prohibits them from smoking in public areas, cigarette consumption will be reduced. Also, should they have an urge to smoke in public they will put in extra effort to quash the craving because it is punishable by law. In addition, there is less temptation for smokers who want to quit smoking if the ban is enforced because no one will offer them cigarettes. Therefore, this allows them to abstain from smoking.

Smoking is a dangerous habit that not only affects the smoker but those around him or her. Ban smoking in public will keep non-smokers safer. People who smoke subject themselves to deadly diseases by choice. Why should non-smokers be forced to be around it?


Leave a Reply