The great French general and emperor Napoleon I was born in 1769 in the city of Ajaccio in Corsica. His real name was Napoleon Bonaparte. Only fifteen months before his birth, Corsica entered the territory of France. In his youth, Napoleon was fascinated by Croatian nationality and considered France a usurper. Napoleon was sent to the military in France, where he graduated in 1785 at the age of sixteen and became a second lieutenant in the French army.
Four years later, the French Revolution began. Over the next few years, the new French government was confronted by a number of external powers. Napoleon’s first opportunity to stand out was during the siege of Toulon in 1793, in which the French liberated the city from the British.
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On this front, he began to think of the cannon as French. As a result of his achievements in Tolon, he was promoted to the rank of Brigadier General.
In 1796, he was given command of the French army in Italy. There, in 1796, Napoleon achieved great victories. On his return to Paris, he was greeted like a hero.
In 1798, Napoleon led the French invasion of Egypt. Napoleon’s troops conquered the land, but the British fleet, led by Lord Nelson, destroyed the French fleet.
In 1799, Napoleon Momin left his army and returned to France.
On his return to France, he realized that despite his failure in the French campaign, the French people had not forgotten the story of his conquests in Italy. With this confidence, only a month after his return, Napoleon took part in the military revolution with Abyssinia and others. This war led to the formation of a new government.
Which consisted of three officials. Napoleon I held the office of ruler. Although a detailed constitution was adopted and ratified by the people, it was merely a mockery of Napoleon’s military dictatorship, which soon gained the upper hand over its other rivals.
Napoleon’s seizure of power was a great tragedy. Prior to the siege of Toulon in August 1793, he was a 24-year-old unnamed officer whose birthplace was outside France.
In just six years, while Napoleon was only thirty years old, he became the undisputed ruler of France, a position he held for the next fourteen years.
During his reign, Napoleon made fundamental changes to France’s administrative structure and legal system. For example, it reformed the financial and judicial systems. He laid the foundation stone of a French bank and university.
The administration merged with the federation. Although each of these measures was significant and, in a few instances, powerful, their impact on the world outside France was insignificant.
The effects of one of Napoleon’s reforms, however, extended beyond the borders of France. This was the formulation of the French Civil Code. This is called Code Napoleon. In many respects, the code contained the interpretation of many of the French Revolution’s dreams.
For example, under the Code, no one was entitled to birthright. In the eyes of the law, everyone was equal. At the same time, the code, in accordance with French laws and traditions, was acceptable to the French people and the legal class. As a whole, the Code was moderate and coherent, and it was written with admirable authorship and exceptional clarity. ) It was also adopted in countries with local amendments.
This insistence has always been part of Napoleon’s strategy to defend the revolution. In 1804, he proclaimed himself emperor of France. He also sent his brothers to other European states. These measures undoubtedly created a sense of dislike in some French states because such measures were against the true spirit of the French Revolution for the people.
However, his real problems arose as a result of his external aggression.
In 1802, at Amnesia, Napoleon signed a peace treaty with England, which gave France a sigh of relief after nearly a decade of war. But the following year, the treaty was rescinded and France began a long war with Britain and its allies.
Napoleon’s armies had consistent victories on the ground. But to defeat England, his navy won a significant victory over Napoleon. Later, British rule over the waters became Muslim. Only six months after the defeat of Trafalgar, Napoleon had a significant victory against the Austrian and Russian forces at the site of the Australasians, but it was a cure for his naval defeat.
In 1808, Napoleon, in a somewhat inconsequential manner, embroiled himself in a protracted war with the Iberian Peninsula. In which the French troops were busy for years. However, Napoleon’s biggest foolishness was his Russian campaign. In 1807, Napoleon met the Tsar. In the Tulst agreement, they pledged friendship. But gradually this partnership was defeated.
In June 1812, Napoleon entered Russia with his troops.
We are all aware of the consequences. The Russian forces avoided fighting Napoleon and allowed a rapid advance. By September, it had captured Moscow, but the Russians set it on fire and destroyed it. After waiting five weeks in Moscow (in the hope that the Russians would beg for peace), Napoleon decided to return.
But it was too late. The Russian army The combination of the Russian winter and the insufficient supply of the French army turned that return into a defeat. Less than 10 percent of the entire French army was able to return from Russia.
Other European countries, such as Austria and Prussia, realized that they now had the best chance of getting rid of French slavery.
They formed an alliance against Napoleon. As a result, in October 1813, Napoleon suffered another defeat at the Battle of Leipzig. He resigned the following year and was exiled to Alba, a small island on the Italian border.
In 1815 he fled Alba and returned to France, where he was welcomed and seized power. Immediately other European countries declared war.
It was only after the deals for its restoration that it suffered a complete defeat at Waterloo. After the Battle of Waterloo, the British army was imprisoned at St. Helena. The Atlantic Ocean is a small island in the south of Russia. There he died of cancer in 1821.
There are many contradictions in Napoleon’s military life. His poetic tricks were astonishing.
If his stature is determined on this basis, then he proves to be the greatest general in history. But it also made extraordinarily serious mistakes in adopting a broader strategy, such as its attacks on Egypt and Russia. His military decisions are so flawed that Napoleon can in no way be considered one of the foremost military leaders. However, I think this is inappropriate.
Of course, one of the great virtues of any commander is his ability to avoid mistakes. In fact, Napoleon was defeated in the last wars. So all his external victories proved to be eternal. After its last defeat in 1815, very little of the territory that was included in the French Revolution at the time of the 1789 revolution remained.
Napoleon was a selfish man.
It is usually compared to Hitler. But there is also a significant difference between the two. The main impetus for Hitler’s movement was a horrible philosophy. Napoleon was an enthusiastic man who was never interested in creating such bloodshed. Nor was there anything like Hitler’s penitentiaries in Napoleon’s time.
Napoleon’s immense popularity raises the possibility of forming a wrong opinion about his influence.
Its short-term effects are priceless. Probably more than Alexander the Great. But they are in any case inferior to Hitler (it is estimated that about half a million French soldiers died in Napoleon’s wars. Napoleon’s actions in this regard caused far less chaos in the lives of his contemporaries than Hitler.
Napoleon is more important than Hitler in terms of long-term effects, much less than Alexander.
Napoleon made extensive administrative changes in France. But France is less than one-seventeenth of the world’s population. In any case, these administrative changes need to be understood in an appropriate context. They have far less impact on the lives of French individuals than the dramatic technological changes of the last two centuries.
It has been suggested that the Napoleonic era laid the foundations for the changes that took place during the French Revolution, and that the achievements of the French bourgeoisie became a reality.
When the French monarchy was restored in 1815. These changes were so solidly grounded that the establishment of the ancient social system was impossible, but very important changes took place before Napoleon. In 1799, when Napoleon took office. So this steadfastness seemed really impossible. Napoleon himself had a strong desire to become emperor.
But it was instrumental in spreading the ideas of the French Revolution throughout Europe.
Napoleon indirectly but profoundly influenced Latin American history. His invasion of Spain weakened the Spanish government to such an extent that it lost control of its colonies in Latin America for many years to come. The movement for independence began in the United States.
One of Napoleon’s initiatives, which often had far-reaching and significant consequences, was almost unrelated to all of his original plans. In 1803, Napoleon sold a large tract of land to the United States. It would be difficult to protect French occupation from British aggression. They were also less profitable. Lausanne’s prosperity was probably the largest peaceful demise of any region in the history of the world.
This demise made the United States a continent-sized nation. It is difficult to say what the situation in the United States would be today without this Lao Siana sale. But in any case, the situation would certainly be very different. ?
Of course, Napoleon was not the only one responsible for the sale of Lao Ciana. The US government also played a role. In fact, the French offer was so reasonable that any government would accept it. He is Napoleon Bonaparte.