Gautam Buddha 483 To 563 Qabal Masih
Gautama’s real name was Prince Siddhartha, the Buddhist Kabani, one of the world’s great religions. Siddhartha was the son of the Raja of Kapilavastu, a city in northern India near the Nepalese border. Siddhartha (whose surname was Gautama Buddha and whose tribe was Shakia) was born in 563 BC, a long distance between the present borders of Nepal.
He was brought up at the age of sixteen, but he did not g
row up in this environment. He lived alone. He observed that most people are poor and live in constant suffering due to this deprivation. Even the rich are often frustrated and unhappy. Also, everyone suffers from the disease and eventually dies. Naturally, Siddhartha considered that there is a condition which is associated with these temporary pleasures which are trampled by death and disease.
At the age of 29, when her baby was born, Gautam decided to give up his present life and devote himself to the search for truth. He left the palace, abandoned his wife, his newborn child and all worldly comforts. He became a poor yogi. For some time he sought knowledge from the famous yogi scholars, and after gaining a thorough knowledge of their thoughts, devised his own solutions to the unsatisfactory problems of this man.
It is a common belief that the extreme mind paves the way for truth. Gautam himself tried to become a sannyasi. For many years he went through stages of constant starvation and self-abnegation. The latter could not bring him closer to the truth. Giving creates ambiguity in the mind. That is why this exercise could not bring him closer to the truth. So he started taking regular food again and gave up fasting.
In solitude he immersed himself in the problems of human existence. Finally one evening when he was sitting under a huge fig tree, all the pieces of this chestnut felt together. Siddhartha meditated all night and said, “In the morning he discovered that he had found a solution and that he had now become a ‘Buddha’ which means one of the ‘insightful’.”
He was then thirty-five years old. He spent the remaining forty-five years of his life traveling in northern India. He would share his thoughts with the people who came to hear him. By the year of his death in 483 BC, he had made thousands of followers. Although his thoughts were not written then. His disciples remembered him word for word. These letters were passed down from generation to generation orally.
The basic teachings of Buddhism can be summed up in the words of the Buddhists as “the four highest truths”. First, human life is in its natural state the abode of suffering. Second, the cause of this unhappiness is human selfishness and desire. Third, this individual selfishness and desire can be eliminated and a state can be created in which desires and aspirations are annihilated.
For a time after Gautama’s death, the new religion spread rapidly. In the third century BC, the great Indian emperor Ashoka converted to Buddhism. With its backing, the influence of Buddhism spread rapidly throughout India. Buddhism also became popular outside India. It spread to Ceylon in the south and Burma in the east. From there, it set foot in South Asia and spread to Malaya and then further embedded in the region.
Which is now called Indonesia. The influence of Buddhism was also felt in the northern regions, reaching Tibet and spreading further north to Afghanistan and Central Asia. He also made inroads in China where he was well received. From here it spread to Japan and Korea. But in India itself this religion began to decline after 500 AD and by 1200 it was reduced to a very small class.
On the other hand, Buddhism remained a major religion in China and Japan. Its importance in Tibet and South Asia has not diminished for centuries. It was not until many centuries after Buddha’s death that his teachings were recorded. Naturally, it began to split into different sects. Its two branches are important. The Throid, popular in South Asia, is considered by Western authorities to be closest to the true teachings of Buddhism.
The second branch is called the Mahayana, whose followers are in the majority in Tibet, China and North Asia.
As the founder of one of the world’s great religions, Wednesday should have been one of the first names on the list. There are currently about 200 million “Wednesdays” worldwide. In comparison, there are 500 million Muslims and more than one million Christians.
This indicates that Buddhism affected fewer people than Muhammad (pbuh) and Jesus. However, differences in the number of foot cars can lead to misunderstandings. One of the reasons why Buddhism has become ineffective in India is that Hinduism has adopted many of its ideologies and principles. In China, too, a large number of people who do not call themselves Buddhists are influenced by Buddhist teachings.
Regardless of Christianity or Islam, Buddhism is a very strong pacifist religion. Buddhism’s insistence on non-violence has played an important role in the political history of “Buddhist” countries. It is often said that if Jesus returned to earth, he would be shocked at the many rituals and worships that are being performed under the guise of his name. Would be scared
Even Buddhists will be surprised to come here and be amazed at the various ideologies that are being attributed to them, while Buddhism has many sects and they have sharp differences with each other. But not all Buddhist history is an example of these bloody religious wars. Found in Christian Europe. In this regard, Gautama Buddha’s teachings influenced his followers more intensely than those of Christianity.
Gautama Buddha and Confucius equally influenced the world. The era of both becomes the same. Nor is there much difference in the number of his followers. I have decided to give Wednesday a rank higher than Confucius on the grounds that the rise of communism in China seems to have eliminated the effects of Confucianism. Second, based on the historical fact that Confucianism could not spread rapidly outside China, we can estimate how weakly it had an effect on the attitudes of the existing Chinese people.
Buddhist teachings, on the other hand, were by no means a repetition of earlier Indian philosophy. Due to the depth of Gautama Buddha’s ideas, Buddhism spread beyond Indian borders. And his philosophy received a certificate of acceptance.