Allama Iqbal Essay in English
Allama Iqbal is our national poet. He was born on November 9, 1877, in Sialkot. He belonged to a respectable Kashmiri family. One of his ancestors left Kashmir and settled in Sialkot. His father Sheikh Noor Muhammad was a pious and religious man. Allama Iqbal inherited mysticism and deep love for his religion from his parents.
Allama Iqbal received his early education from Mission High School Sialkot and passed the Intermediate examination from Murray College. His teacher, Maulvi Mir Hassan, was a religious scholar and pious man. Iqbal was fortunate to study Arabic, Persian and Islamic studies under the inspiring guidance of teachers. In one of his poems, he praised his teacher’s love, affection, and care. Then he went to Lahore and passed the MA examination from Government College Lahore. He joined the teaching staff of the College Government. College Lahore and served there for some time.
In 1905 he went to Europe for higher studies in philosophy and law. He did his PhD. Philosophy from Germany and Bar Edu law from London. He served six months as a Professor of Arabic at the University of London. His stay in Europe was very important. He was not influenced by Western civilization. That is why he criticized it in his poetry. He also predicted that the materialistic civilization of the West would only lead them to destruction.
When he returned home, he started the legal process in the Lahore High Court. But he was more interested in poetry than law. He spent most of his time on poetry, philosophy, and religion. He awakened and united the Muslims through his poetry. In fact, he had immense love and sympathy for the Muslims of India. He wanted to see them united and free. He wrote many poems for Muslims.
Iqbal presided over the Allahabad meeting of the All India Muslim League in 1930, where he gave us the idea of Pakistan. He said that the only solution to the problems of Indian Muslims was a separate Muslim state. He preached that slavery was the greatest curse. Break the chains of Muslim slavery. He pointed out the root causes of the decline of Muslims.
Allama Iqbal was a great poet of Urdu and Persian. He was an inspiring and creative poet. He dreamed of a separate homeland for the Muslims of the subcontinent. But he did not live long enough to dream of becoming Pakistan in 1947. He died on April 21, 1938. His death was a great loss to the Muslims. He was buried near the gate of the Royal Mosque, Lahore. Every year, Iqbal Day is celebrated to pay tribute to him. May his soul find peace.
He wrote many books such as Bang Bang Dara, Bal Gabriel, Zarb Kaleem, Israr-e-Khudi, etc. Most of his poetry is in Persian.